South Africa is situated in southern Africa and the country has 3 capital cities. Cape Town is the legislative capital which is also the largest among the three, Bloemfontein is the judicial capital and the administrative capital is Pretoria. South Africa has some of the ancient archaeological sites and fossil remains of 3 million years back. The country was inhabited by Homo habilis, Homo erectus and lastly Homo sapiens. South Africa was inhabited by Homo sapiens or modern humans over 100,000 years ago. Dutch and British colonized the country for some time. Later, the country effectively got independence from United Kingdom in 1931. South Africa supported apartheid for long and in 1990 they took the step to eliminate the discrimination between Whites and Black.


South Africa is constitutional parliamentary republic, but unlike other parliamentary republics the post of head of the state and head of the government joined together to form only one post which is of the President. The country has bicameral parliament which consists of lower house and upper house. The country has mixed economy with higher rate of poverty and low per capita income. South Africa is a country with middle-income and the country depends on vast supply of resources, financial, communication, transport, legal and energy sectors. The stock exchange of the country is ranked as the top twenty exchanges of the world.


The population of South Africa is approximately 50 million people with diverse ethnicity, languages, religions and languages. About 79.4% of the total population is Black Africans, 9.2% Whites, 8.8% of colored and 2.6% of Indians or Asians. There are eleven official languages in South Africa and they are Afrikaans, Ndebele, English, Sotho, Northern Sotho, Tswana, Swazi, Venda, Zulu, Xhosa and Tsonga. Several unofficial languages are also used in the country. Around 79.7% of the total population is Christians which includes Pentecostal, Roman Catholic, Zion Christian, Anglican, Methodist and Dutch Reformed. Other religions are Islam, Sikhism, Baha’i, Jainism and Indigenous religions.


Cape Town has several tourist destinations and one of the must see attractions of the Cape Town are the Table Mountain. Tourists can reach to the top of the mountain using cable cars or by climbing it. Garden Route consists of a collection of beaches, towns, cliffs and bays stretching a long distance from Heidelberg to Tsitsikamma Forest. The longest wine route in the world, Cango Caves and Ostrich Farms are situated along the Garden Route.  Kruger Park is a favorite tourist spot where you can find the wildlife of Africa.


The Cradle of Humankind is a World Heritage site of South Africa and in the country you can fine a total of seven World Heritages Sites listed by UNESCO. Robben Island is another famous World Heritage Site was the home of Nelson Mandela as well as other black leaders during the time of apartheid government. Beaches of South Africa are famous for swimming, surfing and fishing. Throughout the country you can find many cultural villages which are the cultural treasures of the country. Many interesting museums are there to see in South Africa and it may take weeks to complete one visit to all of them. Battlefields of Anglo Zulu War are worth visiting in South Africa.

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